Community Curation and Expert Curation of Human Long Noncoding RNAs with LncRNAWiki and LncBook

Curr Protoc Bioinformatics. 2019 Sep;67(1):e82. doi: 10.1002/cpbi.82.


In recent years, the number of human long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) that have been identified has increased exponentially. However, these lncRNAs are poorly annotated compared to protein-coding genes, posing great challenges for a better understanding of their functional significance and elucidating their complex functioning molecular mechanisms. Here we employ both community and expert curation to yield a comprehensive collection of human lncRNAs and their annotations. Specifically, LncRNAWiki ( uses a wiki-based community curation model, thus showing great promise in dealing with the flood of biological knowledge, while LncBook ( is an expert curation-based database that provides a complement to LncRNAWiki. LncBook features a comprehensive collection of human lncRNAs and a systematic curation of lncRNAs by multi-omics data integration, functional annotation, and disease association. These protocols provide step-by-step instructions on how to browse and search a specific lncRNA and how to obtain a range of related information including expression, methylation, variation, function, and disease association. © 2019 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Keywords: community curation; disease; expert curation; long noncoding RNA; multi-omics data.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Community-Based Participatory Research*
  • Data Management
  • Databases, Nucleic Acid
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Annotation / methods*
  • RNA, Long Noncoding / genetics


  • RNA, Long Noncoding