Backgrounds: High blood glucose or hyperglycemia is an established risk factor for the development and progression of cancer at many sites, whereas data on the relevance between low blood glucose or hypoglycemia and cancer survival are lacking. Aims: We aimed to assess the shape of risk trajectory between preoperative fasting glucose and postoperative digestive cancer-specific mortality in Chinese. Methods: In total, 6865 patients who underwent radical surgery for esophageal cancer (n=2535), gastric cancer (n=3012) and colorectal cancer (n=1318) during 2000-2010 were followed up as of December 2015. All patients received neither chemotherapy nor radiotherapy before and after the surgery. Optimal cutoff points were determined using survival tree analysis. Results: The median follow-up time was 44.9 months (range: 0.5-188.9 months), with 1065 deaths from esophageal cancer, 1331 from gastric cancer and 412 from colorectal cancer. Using fasting glucose (4.36, 6.09] mmol/L as the reference group, hazard ratios for fasting glucose ≤4.36, (6.09, 8.95], (8.95, 11.5] and >11.5 mmol/L were 1.35 (95% confidence interval: 1.19, 1.54), 2.82 (2.57, 3.11), 3.56 (3.10, 4.08) and 4.27 (3.67, 4.97), respectively (p<0.001). Conclusions: Our findings indicate a U-shaped risk trajectory between preoperative fasting glucose and digestive tract cancer-specific mortality in Chinese. Further external validation is warranted.
Keywords: digestive tract cancer; fasting glucose; mortality.; prognosis.