Objective: To characterize the overall safety profile of atacicept, we conducted an integrated analysis of pooled safety data from all 17 clinical studies to date.
Methods: Three data sets were used to investigate safety endpoints: a double-blind placebo-controlled set (n = 1568), an SLE set (n = 761) and a full analysis set (n = 1845; including all 17 studies).
Results: Of 1568 patients in the double-blind placebo-controlled-set, 30.8% received placebo, and 8.2, 24.5 and 36.5% received atacicept 25, 75 and 150 mg, respectively. Treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE) rates (adjusted by treatment-exposure) were generally higher with atacicept vs placebo, but no consistent association was found between atacicept dose and specific TEAEs or mortality. Serious infection and serious TEAE rates were similar for atacicept and placebo. The TEAE-related discontinuation rates were higher with atacicept vs placebo (16.1 vs 10.9/100 patient-years). In the full analysis set, 11 deaths occurred during treatment. Across indications, exposure-adjusted mortality rates/100 patient-years (95% CI) were 3.60 (0.90, 14.38), 0.34 (0.05, 2.43) and 1.18 (0.49, 2.82) with atacicept 25, 75 and 150 mg, respectively, and 0.44 (0.06, 3.12) with placebo. In SLE patients, exposure-adjusted mortality rates were 1.45 (0.54, 3.87) with atacicept 150 mg and 0.78 (0.29, 2.07) across all atacicept-treated patients. No deaths occurred with atacicept 75 mg or placebo. In the SLE and double-blind placebo-controlled sets, pharmacodynamic effects of atacicept were not associated with increased infection rates.
Conclusion: The results of this integrated safety analysis support further development and evaluation of atacicept in selected patients for whom potential benefits might outweigh risks.
Keywords: B-cell targeting; adverse events; atacicept; autoimmune diseases; clinical trials; safety; systemic lupus erythematosus.