Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis in children: clinicopathological correlations and long-term prognosis

Pediatr Nephrol. 1988 Oct;2(4):381-8. doi: 10.1007/BF00853424.


Between 1962 and 1970, 36 children with acute biopsy-proven poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (PSGN) entered a prospective long-term follow-up study. The initial biopsies were scored into four histological grades using criteria based on endocapillary proliferation, leucocyte infiltration, epithelial "hump" and crescent formation; 5 patients had grade-1 (least severe), 14 grade-2, 15 grade-3 and 2 grade-4 biopsies. Two children died from rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis; both had grade-4 biopsies. Early repeat biopsy in 12 patients showed improvement in all but one patient who progressed from grade 2 to type 2 mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis (MCGN). The initial biopsy grade correlated significantly with heavy proteinuria (chi2 = 9.73, P less than 0.01) but not with hypertension, haematuria or renal functional impairment. Follow-up observations were made after mean periods of 9.5 years (range 5.4-12.4 years; 32 subjects) and 19.0 years (range 14.6-22 years; 30 subjects). None of the survivors had an abnormal plasma creatinine. Only one patient (grade-3 biopsy), a female with a subsequent history of recurrent pyelonephritis, was hypertensive. Isolated microscopic haematuria persisted in 1 grade-2 and 2 grade-3 subjects. One grade-2 subject had proteinuria secondary to MCGN and one grade-3 subject had mild proteinuria and borderline hypertension. Although 20% of subjects had urinary abnormalities, we conclude that the long-term outcome of PSGN in children is excellent.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Biopsy
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Glomerulonephritis / etiology*
  • Glomerulonephritis / pathology
  • Glomerulonephritis / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Kidney / pathology
  • Male
  • Prognosis
  • Streptococcal Infections / complications*
  • Time Factors