Introduction: Improved methods are needed to detect and quantify age-related muscle change. In this study we assessed the electrical properties of muscle impacted by acquired mitochondrial DNA mutations via the PolG mouse, which exhibits typical age-associated features, and the impact of a potential therapy, nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN).
Methods: The gastrocnemii of 24 PolG and 30 wild-type (WT) mice (8 PolG and 17 WT treated with NMN) were studied in an electrical impedance-measuring cell. Conductivity and relative permittivity were determined from the impedance data. Myofiber cross-sectional area (CSA) was quantified histologically.
Results: Untreated PolG mice demonstrated alterations in several impedance features, including 50-kHz relative permittivity and center frequency. A potential effect of NMN was also observed in these parameters in PolG but not WT animals. Impedance values correlated with myofiber CSA.
Discussion: Electrical impedance is sensitive to myofiber features considered characteristic of aging and to the impact of a potential therapy.
Keywords: Aging; Impedance; Mitochondrial disorder; Muscle; Myofiber; Nicotinamide mononucleotide.
© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.