Klotho is a transmembrane protein known to regulate aging and lifespan. Soluble Klotho (sKL), a truncated form of Klotho, regulates various cell signaling pathways, including bone development. Here, we investigated the relationship between sKL and the zinc finger transcription factor early growth response protein 1 (EGR-1) on bone formation. We find that sKL induces the expression of EGR-1 mRNA and protein. Through mutational analysis, we identify the 130 bp region on the EGR-1 promoter that is responsive to sKL overexpression. Additionally, sKL induces the expression of markers of bone differentiation (BMP2, RUNX2, ALP, COL1A, and osteocalcin) in osteoblast MC3T3 cells. EGR-1 siRNA decreases the bone mineralization induced by sKL or ascorbic acid/glycerol 2-phosphate in MC3T3 cells. Our results suggest that sKL may regulate bone development through EGR-1 expression.
Keywords: EGR-1; osteogenic differentiation; soluble Klotho.
© 2019 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.