ALPPS in neuroendocrine liver metastases not amenable for conventional resection - lessons learned from an interim analysis of the International ALPPS Registry

HPB (Oxford). 2020 Apr;22(4):537-544. doi: 10.1016/j.hpb.2019.08.011. Epub 2019 Sep 17.

Abstract

Background: Surgery is the most effective treatment option for neuroendocrine liver metastases (NELM). This study investigated the role of associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) as a novel strategy in treatment of NELM.

Methods: The International ALPPS Registry was reviewed to study patients who underwent ALPPS for NELM.

Results: From 2010 to 2017, 954 ALPPS procedures from 135 international centers were recorded in the International ALPPS Registry. Of them, 24 (2.5%) were performed for NELM. Twenty-one patients entered the final analysis. Overall grade ≥3b morbidity was 9% after stage 1 and 27% after stage 2. Ninety-day mortality was 5%. R0 resection was achieved in 19 cases (90%) at stage 2. Median follow-up was 28 (19-48) months. Median disease free survival (DFS) was 17.3 (95% CI: 7.1-27.4) months, 1-year and 2-year DFS was 73.2% and 41.8%, respectively. Median overall survival (OS) was not reached. One-year and 2-year OS was 95.2% and 95.2%, respectively.

Conclusions: ALPPS appears to be a suitable strategy for inclusion in the multimodal armamentarium of well-selected patients with neuroendocrine liver metastases. In light of the morbidity in this initial series and a high rate of disease-recurrence, the procedure should be taken with caution.