Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome (NCBRS) is a rare disease caused by a mutation in the SMARCA2 gene. Clinical features include craniofacial dysmorphia and abnormalities of the limbs, as well as intellectual disorder and often epilepsy. Hepatotoxicity is a rare complication of the therapy with valproic acid (VPA) and a mutation of the polymerase γ (POLG) might lead to a higher sensitivity for liver hepatotoxicity. We present a patient with the coincidence of two rare diseases, the NCBRS and additionally a POLG1 mutation in combination with a liver hepatotoxicity. The co-occurrence in children for two different genetic diseases is discussed with the help of literature review.
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.