Purpose: To determine the exposure-response (ER) relationships between atezolizumab exposure and efficacy or safety in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) or urothelial carcinoma (UC) and to identify alternative dosing regimens.
Methods: ER analyses were conducted using pooled NSCLC and UC data from phase 1 and 3 studies (PCD4989g, OAK, IMvigor211; ClinicalTrials.gov IDs, NCT01375842, NCT02008227, and NCT02302807, respectively). Objective response rate, overall survival, and adverse events were evaluated vs pharmacokinetic (PK) metrics. Population PK-simulated exposures for regimens of 840 mg every 2 weeks (q2w) and 1680 mg every 4 weeks (q4w) were compared with the approved regimen of 1200 mg every 3 weeks (q3w) and the maximum assessed dose (MAD; 20 mg/kg q3w). Phase 3 IMpassion130 (NCT02425891) data were used to validate the PK simulations for 840 mg q2w. Observed safety data were evaluated by exposure and body weight subgroups.
Results: No significant ER relationships were observed for safety or efficacy. Predicted exposures for 840 mg q2w and 1680 mg q4w were comparable to 1200 mg q3w and the MAD and consistent with observed PK data from IMpassion130. Observed safety was similar between patients with a Cmax above and below the predicted Cmax for 1680 mg q4w and between patients in the lowest and upper 3 body weight quartiles.
Conclusion: Atezolizumab regimens of 840 mg q2w and 1680 mg q4w are expected to have comparable efficacy and safety as the approved regimen of 1200 mg q3w, supporting their interchangeable use and offering patients greater flexibility.
Keywords: Atezolizumab; Exposure–response; PD-L1; Population pharmacokinetics.