Barriers and motivations for participation in preventive vaccine clinical trials: Experience of 5 clinical research sites

Vaccine. 2019 Oct 16;37(44):6633-6639. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2019.09.048. Epub 2019 Sep 19.


Recruitment in preventive vaccine trials (PVT) is challenging due to common barriers to clinical research and lack of vaccine confidence. Identifying determinants of participation can help to improve recruitment. A prospective survey was conducted in 5 French clinical investigational sites. People asked to participate in a PVT were given a questionnaire whether they decided to participate or not in the trial. A total of 341 people answered the survey: 210 accepting and 131 declining to participate in a PVT. Acceptors were significantly younger (38.5 vs 54.9 years old), more likely to be involved in early phase trials, had a higher level of education (p < 0.005) and a significantly better general opinion concerning vaccines (92.3% versus 72.3%, p < 0.005) compared with those who declined. Factors associated with acceptance or refusal were evaluated in 224 people in the 4 sites where both groups were included. In a multivariate analysis, three factors: older age, having heard about PVT through multiple sources and financial incentives were significantly associated with refusal to participate in the PVT. A generally favourable opinion of vaccines was associated with acceptance. The main motivation for participation was altruism (93.2%) whereas fear of side effects was at the forefront of the barriers (36.6%). Information given by the physician was a key point for decision-making in 70.2% of those who accepted. In brief, vaccine hesitancy may decrease recruitment in PVTs; reinforcing altruism and quality of information given are key points in acceptance of participation in PVT.

Keywords: Barriers; Motivations; Participation; Recruitment; Vaccine; Vaccine clinical trial.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Clinical Trials as Topic* / psychology
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation*
  • Patient Selection*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Vaccines* / administration & dosage
  • Vaccines* / immunology


  • Vaccines