The multi-energy vibration processing, namely the combination of different energies or forces acting on a free abrasive medium for grinding of metal parts, is becoming more used in finishing processes, in recent years. However, the complexity that is involved in the aforementioned process requires a careful look in the particularities of the process itself in general and the movement of the abrasive media, in particular. In this paper, the nature of the collective movement of abrasive granules between the independently oscillating surfaces of the reservoir and the processed parts is described. This study presents the dissipation of the kinetic energy of the granules in a pseudo-gas from the working medium granules. The motion of the medium granules near the part surface, which is caused by pseudo-waves initiated by vibrations of the working surfaces of the vibration machine reservoir, is demonstrated. Furthermore, the nature of the motion of the granules near the oscillating part surface is described. The analysis that is presented here permits the determination of metal removal quantity from the surface of the workpiece as a result of multi-agent group action of the vibrating reservoir surface and the processed part. The optimal conditions for the finishing process can be determined based on the analysis presented.
Keywords: dissipation of kinetic energy; metal removal; movement of medium granules; movement of part; multi-energy vibration processing; pseudo-wave.