Prediction of possible landslide areas is the first stage of landslide hazard mitigation efforts and is also crucial for suitable site selection. Several statistical and machine learning methodologies have been applied for the production of landslide susceptibility maps. However, the performance assessment of such methods have conventionally been carried out by utilizing existing landslide inventories. The purpose of this study is to investigate the performances of landslide susceptibility maps produced with three different machine learning algorithms, i.e., random forest, artificial neural network, and logistic regression, in a recently constructed and activated dam reservoir and assess the external quality of each map by using pre- and post-event photogrammetric datasets. The methodology introduced here was applied using digital surface models generated from aerial photogrammetric flight data acquired before and after the dam construction. Aerial photogrammetric images acquired in 2012 and 2018 (after the dam was filled) were used to produce digital terrain models and orthophotos. The 2012 dataset was used for producing the landslide susceptibility maps and the results were evaluated by comparing the Euclidian distances between the two surface models. The results show that the random forest method outperforms the other two for predicting the future landslides.
Keywords: artificial neural network; landslide susceptibility performance; logistic regression; photogrammetry; random forest.