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The Use of Neuromodulation for Symptom Management


The Use of Neuromodulation for Symptom Management

Sarah Marie Farrell et al. Brain Sci.


Pain and other symptoms of autonomic dysregulation such as hypertension, dyspnoea and bladder instability can lead to intractable suffering. Incorporation of neuromodulation into symptom management, including palliative care treatment protocols, is becoming a viable option scientifically, ethically, and economically in order to relieve suffering. It provides further opportunity for symptom control that cannot otherwise be provided by pharmacology and other conventional methods.

Keywords: bladder control; blood pressure; deep brain stimulation (DBS); dyspnoea; hypertension; micturition; neuromodulation; orthostatic hypotension; pain.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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