Risk Reclassification With Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography-Visualized Nonobstructive Coronary Artery Disease According to 2018 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Cholesterol Guidelines (from the Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography Evaluation for Clinical Outcomes : An International Multicenter Registry [CONFIRM])

Am J Cardiol. 2019 Nov 1;124(9):1397-1405. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2019.07.045. Epub 2019 Aug 23.


The 2018 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) cholesterol management guideline recommends risk enhancers in the borderline-risk and statin recommended/intermediate-risk groups. We determined the risk reclassification by the presence and severity of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA)-visualized coronary artery disease (CAD) according to statin eligibility groups. Of 35,281 individuals who underwent CCTA, 1,303 asymptomatic patients (age 59, 65% male) were identified. Patients were categorized as low risk, borderline risk, statin recommended/intermediate risk or statin recommended/high risk according to the guideline. CCTA-visualized CAD was categorized as no CAD, nonobstructive, or obstructive. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) were defined as a composite outcome of all-cause mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and late coronary revascularization (>90 days). We tested a reclassification wherein no CAD reclassifies downward, and the presence of any CAD reclassifies upward. During a median follow-up of 2.9 years, 93 MACE events (7.1%) were observed. Among the borderline-risk and statin-recommended/intermediate-risk groups eligible for risk enhancers, the presence or absence of any CCTA-visualized CAD led to a net increase of 2.3% of cases and 22.4% of controls correctly classified (net reclassification index [NRI] 0.27, 95% CI 0.13 to 0.41, p = 0.0002). The NRI was not significant among low- or statin-recommended/high-risk patients (all p >0.05). The presence or absence of CCTA-visualized CAD, including both obstructive and nonobstructive CAD, significantly improves reclassification in patients eligible for risk enhancers in 2018 ACC/AHA guidelines. Patients in low- and high-risk groups derive no significant improvement in risk reclassification from CCTA.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Observational Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • American Heart Association
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • Cause of Death / trends
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Computed Tomography Angiography / methods*
  • Coronary Angiography / methods*
  • Coronary Artery Disease / classification*
  • Coronary Artery Disease / diagnosis
  • Coronary Artery Disease / epidemiology
  • Coronary Vessels / diagnostic imaging*
  • Female
  • Global Health
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic*
  • Registries*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Assessment / methods*
  • Risk Factors
  • Societies, Medical
  • Survival Rate / trends
  • United States


  • Biomarkers
  • Cholesterol