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Review
[Online ahead of print]

The Role of Intestinal Fungi and Its Metabolites in Chronic Liver Diseases

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Review

The Role of Intestinal Fungi and Its Metabolites in Chronic Liver Diseases

Ningning You et al. Gut Liver.

Abstract

Current studies have confirmed that liver diseases are closely related to intestinal microorganisms; however, those studies have mainly concentrated on bacteria. Although the proportion of intestinal microorganisms accounted for by colonizing fungi is very small, these fungi do have a significant effect on the homeostasis of the intestinal microecosystem. In this paper, the characteristics of intestinal fungi in patients with chronic liver diseases such as alcoholic liver disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and cirrhosis are summarized, and the effects of intestinal fungi and their metabolites are analyzed and discussed. It is important to realize that not only bacteria but also intestinal fungi play important roles in liver diseases.

Keywords: Alcoholic liver disease; Cirrhosis; Intestinal fungi; Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

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