THE GLOBAL POINT PREVALENCE SURVEY (PPS) OF ANTIMICROBIAL USE AND ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE AMONG HOSPITALIZED CHILDREN IN GEORGIA

Georgian Med News. Jul-Aug 2019;(292-293):72-75.

Abstract

The aims of our study were to determine antibiotic prescribing rates for prevention and treatment of infections in pediatric units, to evaluate the number and type of antimicrobial agents and administration route, reveal commonly used antibiotic subgroups and identify targets for improving the quality of antimicrobial prescribing. A 1-day PPS (Point Prevalence Study) on antibiotic use in hospitalized children was performed in Georgia from 2015 to 2019. 18 clinics in different regions of Georgia were included in the survey. Antimicrobial prevalence rates increased over the years from 60.1% in 2015 to 92.6% in 2018. The most commonly, antibiotics were prescribed for lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI). In 2015 25.1% of LRTI were treated by ampicillin-sulbactam but the next year it replaced with ceftriaxone (37.1% in 2017 and 38.2% in 2018). In pediatric surgical ward, the antibiotics were commonly prescribed for surgical prevention (54.1% in 2015, 32.3% in 2018). The most common conditions treated with antibiotics in neonates were sepsis (30.1%) and LRTI (45.3%). The most used antibiotic was ceftriaxone (33.3% in 2015). Ampicilin-sulbactam was prescribed in 28.1% of pneumonia case in neonates in 2018. In 2015 antibiotics were mainly prescribed empirically (98.0%). In 2018 resistance of MRSA was 8.1%, and resistance to the third-generation cephalosporin 17.3%. Prevalence rate of antibiotics for prevention and treatment of infection disease in pediatric units increased in 2018. Main feasible targets for optimization of antibiotic prescribing have been identified: high use of broad-spectrum antibiotics in hospitals, high frequency of empirical treatment, rarely performed culture tests, prolonged antibiotic prophylaxis in surgery patients and an alarming raise of resistant strains. The implementation of disease-specific clinical pathways associated with annual PPSs could be a good way to monitor and improve antibiotic prescription patterns in neonatal and pediatric inpatients over time.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Anti-Infective Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Bacterial Infections / drug therapy*
  • Bacterial Infections / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Drug Prescriptions / statistics & numerical data*
  • Drug Resistance, Bacterial*
  • Drug Utilization / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Georgia (Republic) / epidemiology
  • Health Care Surveys
  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Pediatrics
  • Prevalence
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Anti-Infective Agents