Background: We examined factors associated with postoperative complications, 1-year overall and cancer-specific survival after epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) diagnosis.
Methods: Patients who underwent surgery for EOC between 2004 and 2013 were included. Multivariable models analyzed postoperative complications, overall survival, and cancer-specific survival.
Results: Among 5223 patients, surgical complications were common. Postoperative complications correlated with increased odds of overall and disease-specific survival at 1 y. Receipt of chemotherapy was similar among women with and without postoperative complications and was independently associated with a reduction in the hazard of overall and disease-specific death at 1-year. Extensive pelvic and upper abdomen surgery resulted in 2.26 times the odds of postoperative complication, but was associated with longer 1-year overall 0.53 (0.35, 0.82) and disease-specific survival 0.54 (0.34, 0.85).
Conclusions: Although extent of surgery was associated with complications, the survival benefit from comprehensive surgery offset the risk. Tailored surgical treatment for women with EOC may improve outcomes.
Keywords: Operative; Outcomes research; Ovarian neoplasms; Surgical procedures.
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