Objective: To determine if natural selection and follicular stimulation produces a lower risk for embryonic aneuploidy than that attained following superovulation with exogenous gonadotropins.
Design: Prospective observational with historical control group.
Setting: Large academically affiliated private practice.
Patient(s): All patients presenting for their evaluation for infertility were offered participation in the study.
Intervention(s): All participants in the natural cycle group underwent an unstimulated in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle. A subsequent frozen embryo transfer was performed if a euploid blastocyst was attained.
Main outcome measure(s): Rates of embryonic aneuploidy attained in unstimulated IVF cycles were compared to those observed in age-controlled historical cohort undergoing conventional stimulated IVF cycles with exogenous gonadotropins.
Result(s): Aneuploidy rates were equivalent in unstimulated and stimulated IVF cycles. The prevalence of aneuploidy in natural cycles increased with the age of the female partner in a manner identical to that seen in stimulated IVF cycles. Finally, sustained implantation rates of euploid blastocysts were equivalent in natural and stimulated IVF cycles.
Conclusion(s): Rates of embryonic aneuploidy are not impacted by follicular stimulation with exogenous gonadotropins. Prior concerns of inducing a higher risk of embryonic aneuploidy are not supported by this data.
Clinical trial registration number: NCT01866618.
Keywords: Embryonic aneuploidy; exogenous gonadotropins; follicular stimulation; natural cycle IVF.
Copyright © 2019 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.