Penile Emergencies

Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2019 Nov;37(4):583-592. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2019.07.001. Epub 2019 Aug 16.


The penis is an organ of enormous importance and is vital for both excretory and reproductive function. The anatomy of the penis itself can lead to many of its emergent conditions and a thorough understanding of the anatomy and physiology is central to recognition of these conditions. Physicians should have a high clinical suspicion for penile emergencies and perform a thorough physical examination to make a proper diagnosis. Prompt diagnosis and proper management are essential for minimizing dysfunction of this vital organ.

Keywords: Balanitis; Paraphimosis; Penile emergency; Penile tourniquet syndrome; Penis; Phimosis; Posthitis; Priapism.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Emergencies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Paraphimosis / diagnosis
  • Paraphimosis / therapy
  • Penile Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Penile Diseases / therapy
  • Penis / injuries
  • Phimosis / diagnosis
  • Phimosis / therapy
  • Priapism / diagnosis
  • Priapism / therapy