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Review
. 2019 Dec 1;183:111682.
doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2019.111682. Epub 2019 Sep 6.

Novel HER2-Targeting Antibody-Drug Conjugates of Trastuzumab Beyond T-DM1 in Breast Cancer: Trastuzumab Deruxtecan(DS-8201a) and (Vic-)Trastuzumab Duocarmazine (SYD985)

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Review

Novel HER2-Targeting Antibody-Drug Conjugates of Trastuzumab Beyond T-DM1 in Breast Cancer: Trastuzumab Deruxtecan(DS-8201a) and (Vic-)Trastuzumab Duocarmazine (SYD985)

Zhuyu Xu et al. Eur J Med Chem. .

Abstract

Targeted drug delivery has improved cancer treatment significantly in recent years, although it is difficult to achieve. Different approaches have been developed to apply targeted drug delivery. Among which, antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) provides a potentially ideal solution to such a challenge. ADC is an innovative drug treatment model with three key components: payload, monoclonal antibody, and linker. The monoclonal antibody targets the antigen-expressing tumor cells and internalizes the payload linked by the linker to the target cells to reduce the side effects of the traditional chemotherapy drugs. The off-target effect has an excellent therapeutic prospect. Among them, ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) is a successful example of targeting human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2). Its antibody (trastuzumab) is derived from Herceptin with annual sales of more than $6 billion. It has excellent targeting and specific anti-tumor activity against HER2. Its linker is not cleavable and releases the Lys-linker-payload to kill the cells. The two ADCs described here use the same antibody as T-DM1, but the cleavable linker and the more toxic payload allow them to have the not only targeting of T-DM1, but also the reduce T-DM1 resistance and improve efficacy in heterogeneous tumors. This paper describes the mechanism of action and the biochemical characteristics of different parts and preclinical and clinical progress of trastuzumab deruxtecan(DS-8201a) and (vic-)trastuzumab duocarmazine (SYD985).

Keywords: (vic-)Trastuzumab duocarmazine; Ado-trastuzumab emtansine; Antibody-drug conjugate; Bystander effect; HER2; Trastuzumab deruxtecan.

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