Objective: Biventricular repair of double-outlet right ventricle with noncommitted ventricular septal defect is preferred, but previously developed surgical procedures are complicated and associated with high mortality and morbidity. We developed a technique using an intraventricular conduit to connect the ventricular septal defect and the aorta in this anomaly in patients aged more than 2 years.
Methods: Thirty-one patients (age 2-23 years; median, 5.4) with double-outlet right ventricle with noncommitted ventricular septal defect underwent biventricular repair with intraventricular conduit. A 16-mm or 19-mm polytetrafluoroethylene (Gore-Tex; WL Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, Ariz) vascular prosthesis was used to construct the intraventricular conduit rerouting the ventricular septal defect to the aorta, with enlargement of the ventricular septal defect and resecting the hypertrophic muscular bands in the bilateral conus when necessary. Follow-up was made in all patients with a median duration of 93 months (range, 8-140 months).
Results: One patient died during hospitalization and 1 patient died at 8 months after operation, making the mortality 6.5%. The peak pressure gradient across the left ventricular outflow tract was less than 30 mm Hg in all patients but 1 (3.3%). In the last patient, it increased from 16 mm Hg early after operation to 50 mm Hg at 7 years follow-up. The peak pressure gradient across the right ventricular outflow tract ranged from 6 to 30 mm Hg in all patients. One patient had moderate mitral regurgitation with New York Heart Association class II. One patient had preoperative severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (mean pressure, 50 mm Hg) and was treated with bosentan. Other patients were in New York Heart Association class I.
Conclusions: Biventricular repair with intraventricular conduit is a relatively simple and safe procedure for patients aged more than 2 years with double-outlet right ventricle with noncommitted ventricular septal defect, with excellent early and midterm outcomes.
Keywords: biventricular repair; double-outlet right ventricle; intraventricular conduit; noncommitted ventricular septal defect.
Copyright © 2019 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.