Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2019 Jun 24;33:136.
doi: 10.11604/pamj.2019.33.136.17149. eCollection 2019.

Shisha Smoking in Selected Nightclubs in Nigeria

Free PMC article

Shisha Smoking in Selected Nightclubs in Nigeria

Victor Olufolahan Lasebikan et al. Pan Afr Med J. .
Free PMC article


Introduction: Shisha consumption is a growing public health issue all over the globe and public health awareness about its deleterious health consequences is still not sufficiently raised.

Methods: In this location-based study of nightclubs in Ibadan, Nigeria, 633 patrons of selected nightclubs were interviewed in order to obtain information on prevalence, correlates and predictors of shisha smoking.

Results: The overall prevalence of shisha smoking was 7.1%. The age of initiation into shisha smoking was lower among women, p = 0.03, but men were significantly more likely to be more frequent users, daily or weekly users, p < 0.001 and also to be current cigarette smokers, p = 0.03. There was no significant gender variability in the stage of readiness to quit. Regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age, the predictors of shisha smoking were: cigarette smoking, OR = 4.83, 95% CI (1.49-15.70) and more than 12 years of education, OR = 7.55, 95% CI (1.88 - 30.37), while being a rural dweller was a protective factor, OR = 0.05, 95% CI (0.01-0.20).

Conclusion: Shisha smoking has emerged as a prevalent public health issue in Nigeria. There is a need for an immediate response from policy providers towards shisha smoking intervention in Nigeria.

Keywords: Shisha-smoking; cigarette-smoking; gender-difference; nightclubs; public-health.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare no competing interests.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 1 article


    1. Ezzati M, Lopez AD. Regional, disease specific patterns of smoking-attributable mortality in 2000. Tobacco Control. 2004;13(4):388–395. - PMC - PubMed
    1. Jha P, Chaloupka FJ, Moore J, Gajalakshmi V, Gupta PC, Peck R, et al. Tobacco Addiction, Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. 2nd edition. Chapter 46.
    1. World Population Statistics . World's Most Populous Countries. Accessed 14 August 2018.
    1. Maziak W, Taleb ZB, Bahelah R, et al. The global epidemiology of waterpipe smoking. Tobacco Control. 2015;24(Suppl 1):i3–i12. - PMC - PubMed
    1. Aslam HM, Saleem S, German S, Qureshi WA. Harmful effects of shisha: literature review. International Archives of Medicine. 2014;7:16. - PMC - PubMed