Globally, home dialysis prevalence has been declining relative to the increase in end stage renal disease and renal replacement therapy. The goal of this study was to identify international perceptions and practices. A web-based questionnaire was disseminated to nephrology nurses in 30 home dialysis-prevalent nations. Global telehealth use was low (23%), contrasting with 83% respondents agreeing telehealth would improve care. Only 31% of all programs enabled patient training outside of normal working hours (e.g., nights and weekends), and 31% of all program patients had some cost reimbursement, with a significant difference between U.S. and non-U.S. programs (U.S. 11%, non-U.S. 59%, 2 = 93.6, p < 0.0001). Significant differences in the need for monthly clinic visits (U.S. 72%, non-US 44%, 2 = 83.7, p < 0.0001) were also found. Telehealth provision and patient training flexibility is limited, and patient cost reimbursement is low. Increased telehealth, patient cost reimbursement, and flexible training models may promote home dialysis growth.
Keywords: end stage kidney disease; end stage renal disease; home hemodialysis; nephrology nursing; peritoneal dialysis.
Copyright© by the American Nephrology Nurses Association.