Two new antimicrobial bisabolane-type sesquiterpenoid derivatives, ent-aspergoterpenin C (compound 1) and 7-O-methylhydroxysydonic acid (2), and two new butyrolactone-type monoterpenoids, pestalotiolactones C (3) and D (4), along with a known monoterpenoid pestalotiolactone A (5) and four known bisabolane sesquiterpenoids (6-9), were isolated and identified from the deep-sea sediment-derived fungus Aspergillus versicolor SD-330. The structures of these compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis, and the absolute configurations of the new compounds 1-4 were determined by the combination of NOESY and TDDFT-ECD calculations and X-ray crystallographic analysis. Additionally, we first determined and reported the absolute configuration of the known monoterpenoid pestalotiolactone A (5) through the X-ray crystallographic experiment. All of these isolated compounds were evaluated for antimicrobial activities against human and aquatic pathogenic bacteria. Compounds 1, 2, 6 and 9 exhibited selective inhibitory activities against zoonotic pathogenic bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Edwardsiella tarda, Vibrio anguillarum and V. harveyi, with MIC values ranging from 1.0 to 8.0 μg/mL.
Keywords: Aspergillus versicolor; antimicrobial activity; bisabolane-type sesquiterpenoids; deep-sea sediment-derived fungus; monoterpenoids.