Changing Trends in Mastectomy and Breast Reconstruction. Analysis of a Single-institution Experience Between 2004-2016

Anticancer Res. 2019 Oct;39(10):5709-5714. doi: 10.21873/anticanres.13770.

Abstract

Background/aim: Recently, "conservative" mastectomy with immediate breast reconstruction (M-R) has become the gold standard when the breast must be removed. We analyzed the evolution in the choice of mastectomy type in our Unit, focusing on factors associated with renounce to reconstruction and risk factors for its failure.

Patients and methods: Clinical-pathological and surgical features of 132 patients who underwent mastectomy in our Unit from 2004 to 2016 were analyzed. M-R rate and different mastectomy techniques' rates between 2004-2009 and 2010-2016 were compared.

Results: M-R was associated with younger age at diagnosis (p<0.001) and early tumor stage (p=0.03). M-R rate increased from 49.1% to 72.2% (p=0.002) in the last years, with prominent use of nipple-sparing-mastectomy (p<0.001). M-R failure rate was associated with previous or subsequent irradiation/chemotherapy in 92.3% of cases.

Conclusion: M-R and particularly nipple-sparing-mastectomy represented the standard in more recent years; reconstruction failure was associated with irradiation/chemotherapy, especially in implant-based reconstructions.

Keywords: Mastectomy; breast implants; immediate reconstruction; nipple-sparing mastectomy; reconstruction failure; reconstruction with autologous tissues; reconstructive techniques.

MeSH terms

  • Breast Implants / trends
  • Breast Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mammaplasty / trends*
  • Mastectomy / trends*
  • Nipples / surgery
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tissue Expansion Devices / trends