Multiple morphological abnormalities of the sperm flagella (MMAF) is a rare autosomal recessive inherited disorder associated with male infertility. To date, 14 genetic causative genes have been identified in MMAF, which can only explain the genetic causes of ~60% of MMAF cases. Here, we report a man with primary infertility, who had a typical MMAF phenotype. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was performed on the patient and a homozygous mutation (c. 2675 G>A [p. Trp892*]) was identified in cilia and flagella-associated protein 65 (CFAP65) gene, which is primarily expressed in the testis. Another loss-of-function mutation of CFAP65 has been detected in a MMAF patient, and the orthologue of CFAP65 also plays a vital role in sperm motility in chickens. Our experimental observations on human subjects suggested that CFAP65 is involved in sperm flagellum structure and assembly and that loss-of-function mutations could lead to male infertility in humans by causing the MMAF phenotype.
Keywords: CFAP65; MMAF; WES; gene mutations; male infertility.
© 2019 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.