Aim: To evaluate the actions of a combination of polifenolic composition (extracted from Ascophyllum Nodosum and Fucus Vesiculosus, InSea2®) and chromium picolinate compared to placebo in addition to previously taken anti-diabetic therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Methods: 175 Caucasian patients with type 2 diabetes were randomized to take nutraceutical combination or placebo for 6 months. One hundred and sixty-four cases completed the study. At baseline and after 6 months, glyco-metabolic control and lipid profile were evaluated.
Results: Glycated hemoglobin was significantly reduced by the nutraceutical combination, but not by placebo, both compared to baseline (p<0.05), and compared to placebo (p<0.05). A similar trend was recorded for fasting plasma glucose (FPG) [-23.5% (p<0.01) vs baseline, and -18.0% (p<0.01) vs placebo] and post-prandial glucose (PPG) [-17.1% (p<0.01) vs baseline, and -11.1% (p<0.05) vs placebo]. No variations of lipid profile were recorded compared to baseline, even if it seems to observe a reduction trend of triglycerides level in the nutraceutical group.
Conclusion: In conclusion, a nutraceutical combination of polifenolic composition and chromium picolinate in addition to previously taken anti-diabetic therapy can be helpful in reducing glycated hemoglobin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Keywords: Ascophyllum Nodosum; Fucus Vesiculosus; chromium; glycemic control.
© 2019 Derosa et al.