Background and purpose: Cloudy white matter lesions are associated imaging features of internal jugular venous stenosis (IJVS). However, the mechanism of the IJVS associated cloudy white matter lesions is still unclear. This study aims to evaluate blood-brain barrier integrity of the patients with IJVS.
Materials and methods: A total of 45 eligible patients with IJVS confirmed by computed tomography venography (CTV) and 45 healthy controls were enrolled into this study. The levels of serum MMP-9 and the markers of tight junctions, including occludin and ZO-1 obtained from IJVS patients and control group were tested by enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay and compared.
Results: Both the levels of serum MMP-9 (0.2ng/ml) and occludin (0.05ng/ml) in IJVS group were higher than in the control group (0.01ng/ml vs. 0 ng/ml, all p<0.001). While, the levels of serum ZO-1 showed no statistical significance between the two groups (0.55ng/ml vs 0.735ng/ml, P=0.34). The levels of serum MMP-9 between the subset with or without white matter lesions in IJVS group showed a significant difference (0.22 [0.06, 0.43] vs. 0.01 [0.01, 0.06], P =0.019).
Conclusion: BBB disruption may participate in the formation of IJVS-associated white matter lesions; the mechanism of BBB disruption may involve MMP-9 and occludin.
Keywords: Internal Jugular Venous Stenosis (IJVS); ZO-1; blood-brain barrier; matrix metalloproteinase-9; neurological diseases; occludin; white matter lesions..
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