HOXA10 is an important regulator of embryo adhesion. Reduced expression may contribute to embryo implantation failure. The expression of Nur77 and HOXA10 has been shown to be reduced in the endometrium of patients with recurrent implantation failure. In this study, we found that Nur77 was directly bound to the HOXA10 promoter and promoted HOXA10 protein expression in a dose-dependent manner in Ishikawa cells. Furthermore, the promoting effect of Nur77 on embryo adhesion was significantly blocked when endogenous HOXA10 expression was knocked down in Ishikawa cells. Moreover, the Nur77 agonist 6-MP was also confirmed to promote embryo adhesion. This study is the first to show that Nur77 promotes embryo adhesion by transcriptionally regulating HOXA10 expression. Nur77 and 6-MP may provide a basis to develop a new treatment for patients who suffer from embryo adhesion dysfunction.Abbreviations: HB-EGF: heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor; HOXA10: homeobox A10; NGFI-B: nerve growth factor-induced gene B; RIF: recurrent implantation failure; RPL: recurrent pregnancy loss; 6-MP: 6-mercaptopurine; IGFBP-1: insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1; LIF: leukemia inhibitory factor; IL-1β: Interleukin - 1β; CRISPR/Cas9: Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats; AF-1: activation function-1 domain; HIF-1α: hypoxia-inducible factor 1α; CREB: cAMP response element binding.
Keywords: 6-MP; HOXA10; Nur77; embryo adhesion; embryo implantation.