Type I interferons (IFNs) play important roles in antitumor immunity. We generated IFN-α-producing cells by genetically engineered induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived proliferating myeloid cells (iPSC-pMCs). Local administration of IFN-α-producing iPSC-pMCs (IFN-α-iPSC-pMCs) alters the tumor microenvironment and propagates the molecular signature associated with type I IFN. The gene-modified cell actively influences host XCR1+ dendritic cells to enhance CD8+ T cell priming, resulting in CXCR3-dependent and STING-IRF3 pathway-independent systemic tumor control. Administration of IFN-α-iPSC-pMCs in combination with immune checkpoint blockade overcomes resistance to single-treatment modalities and generates long-lasting antitumor immunity. These preclinical data suggest that IFN-α-iPSC-pMCs might constitute effective immune-stimulating agents for cancer that are refractory to checkpoint blockade.
Keywords: CXCR3; PD-1; STING; XCR1; cancer immunotherapy; checkpoint blockade; cross-presentation; dendritic cells; induced pluripotent stem cells; type I interferon.
Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.