Prenatal diagnosis of pericallosal lipoma: Systematic review

Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2019 Nov;23(6):764-782. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2019.09.009. Epub 2019 Sep 25.


The aim is to present a systematic review of all the published cases of prenatally diagnosed pericallosal lipomas, their features and associations with other anomalies or syndromes and their post-natal evolution. We performed a Pubmed-based systematic review, including all the published cases of prenatal diagnosis of pericallosal lipoma, written in English, Spanish or French. We analysed gestational age at diagnosis, prenatal ultrasound characteristics of the lipoma, prenatally diagnosed associated anomalies, neonatal findings, outcomes and duration of follow-up. We gathered data from 49 cases of prenatally diagnosed pericallosal lipoma. Mean gestational age at diagnosis was 29.6 weeks. The type of lipoma was: not specified in 8 cases, tubulonodular in 17 cases, curvilinear in 24 cases. Corpus callosum was hypoplastic in 19 cases of curvilinear lipomas (79.2%) and 3 cases of tubulonodular lipomas (17.6%) (p < 0.001). There was agenesis (partial or complete) of corpus callosum in 76.5% of the cases of tubulonodular lipoma and 8.3% of the cases of curvilinear lipoma (p < 0.001). There were three cases of Pai syndrome, and three cases of Goldenhar syndrome. Mean post-natal follow-up was 36.3 months. Neurological evaluation was normal in 92.1% of the cases (75% of the tubulonodular lipoma, 100% of the curvilinear lipoma, p < 0.05). Tubulonodular lipomas present a higher frequency of associated neurological anomalies. A thorough study of the lipoma and a search of associated anomalies is paramount. Parental counselling should take into account this classification and associated findings as the prognosis varies widely. Further studies with longer follow-up are necessary to increase our knowledge.

Keywords: Magnetic resonance imaging; Pericallosal lipoma; Prenatal diagnosis; Systematic review; Ultrasound.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / epidemiology
  • Brain Neoplasms / complications
  • Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Brain Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lipoma / complications
  • Lipoma / diagnosis
  • Lipoma / pathology*
  • Male
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Diagnosis*