Non-islet cell tumor-induced hypoglycemia in the setting of metastatic intracranial hemangiopericytoma: case report and review of the literature

Br J Neurosurg. 2019 Oct 10;1-3. doi: 10.1080/02688697.2019.1671953. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Intracranial hemangiopericytoma, particularly in the setting of extracranial metastatic disease, can cause severe hypoglycemia; but there is limited description of this phenomenon in the neurosurgical literature. We report the case of a male patient with recurrent meningeal hemangiopericytoma that had metastasized to multiple extracranial locations, who presented with severe, symptomatic hypoglycemia and abnormal levels of insulin, pro-insulin, insulin-like growth factors I and II, and C-peptide. This case highlights the association between hemangiopericytoma and abnormal levels of peptide hormones involved in glucose homeostasis, which may serve as a warning sign for hemangiopericytoma and/or metastatic disease.

Keywords: Hemangiopericytoma; hypoglycemia; metastasis.