Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 366 (6466), 731-734

Kinship-based Social Inequality in Bronze Age Europe

Affiliations

Kinship-based Social Inequality in Bronze Age Europe

Alissa Mittnik et al. Science.

Abstract

Revealing and understanding the mechanisms behind social inequality in prehistoric societies is a major challenge. By combining genome-wide data, isotopic evidence, and anthropological and archaeological data, we have gone beyond the dominating supraregional approaches in archaeogenetics to shed light on the complexity of social status, inheritance rules, and mobility during the Bronze Age. We applied a deep microregional approach and analyzed genome-wide data of 104 human individuals deriving from farmstead-related cemeteries from the Late Neolithic to the Middle Bronze Age in southern Germany. Our results reveal individual households, lasting several generations, that consisted of a high-status core family and unrelated low-status individuals; a social organization accompanied by patrilocality and female exogamy; and the stability of this system over 700 years.

Comment in

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Publication types

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback