Wildlife trade is a multibillion dollar industry that is driving species toward extinction. Of >31,500 terrestrial bird, mammal, amphibian, and squamate reptile species, ~18% (N = 5579) are traded globally. Trade is strongly phylogenetically conserved, and the hotspots of this trade are concentrated in the biologically diverse tropics. Using different assessment approaches, we predict that, owing to their phylogenetic replacement and trait similarity to currently traded species, future trade will affect up to 3196 additional species-totaling 8775 species at risk of extinction from trade. Our assessment underscores the need for a strategic plan to combat trade with policies that are proactive rather than reactive, which is especially important because species can quickly transition from being safe to being endangered as humans continue to harvest and trade across the tree of life.
Copyright © 2019 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works.
International trade of CITES listed bird species in China.PLoS One. 2014 Feb 19;9(2):e85012. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0085012. eCollection 2014. PLoS One. 2014. PMID: 24586234 Free PMC article.
Understanding the biological invasion risk posed by the global wildlife trade: propagule pressure drives the introduction and establishment of Nearctic turtles.Glob Chang Biol. 2015 Mar;21(3):1078-91. doi: 10.1111/gcb.12790. Epub 2014 Dec 23. Glob Chang Biol. 2015. PMID: 25363272
Mapping hotspots of threatened species traded in bushmeat markets in the Cross-Sanaga rivers region.Conserv Biol. 2014 Feb;28(1):224-33. doi: 10.1111/cobi.12151. Epub 2013 Sep 11. Conserv Biol. 2014. PMID: 24024960
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) - 35 Years of Global Efforts to Ensure That International Trade in Wild Animals and Plants Is Legal and Sustainable.Forensic Sci Rev. 2011 Jan;23(1):1-8. Forensic Sci Rev. 2011. PMID: 26231164 Review.
Global trade in exotic pets 2006-2012.Conserv Biol. 2014 Jun;28(3):663-76. doi: 10.1111/cobi.12240. Epub 2014 Mar 24. Conserv Biol. 2014. PMID: 24661260 Review.
Cited by 1 article
United States wildlife and wildlife product imports from 2000-2014.Sci Data. 2020 Jan 16;7(1):22. doi: 10.1038/s41597-020-0354-5. Sci Data. 2020. PMID: 31949168 Free PMC article.