Objective: Cadherin-17 (CDH17) is a transmembrane protein that mediates cell-cell adhesion and is frequently expressed in adenocarcinomas, including gastric cancer. CDH17 may be an effective diagnostic marker for the staging of gastric cancer. Here, we developed an 111In-labeled anti-CDH17 monoclonal antibody (Mab) as an imaging tracer and performed biodistribution and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT) imaging studies using mice with CDH17-positive gastric cancer xenografts. CDH17 expression in gastric cancer specimens was also analyzed.
Methods: The cross-reactivity and affinity of our anti-CDH17 Mab D2101 was evaluated by surface plasmon resonance analysis and cell enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. Biodistribution and SPECT/CT studies of 111In-labeled D2101 (111In-D2101) were performed. CDH17 expression in gastric cancer specimens was evaluated by immunohistochemistry.
Results: Surface plasmon resonance analysis revealed that D2101 specifically recognizes human CDH17, but not murine CDH17. The affinity of D2101 slightly decreased as a result of the radiolabeling procedures. The biodistribution study revealed high uptake of 111In-D2101 in tumors (maximum, 39.2 ± 9.5% ID/g at 96 h postinjection), but low uptake in normal organs, including the stomach. Temporal SPECT/CT imaging with 111In-D2101 visualized tumors with a high degree of tumor-to-nontumor contrast. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that, compared with HER2, which is a potential marker of N-stage, CDH17 had a higher frequency of positivity in specimens of primary and metastatic gastric cancer.
Conclusion: Our 111In-anti-CDH17 Mab D2101 depicted CDH17-positive gastric cancer xenografts in vivo and has the potential to be an imaging probe for the diagnosis of primary lesions and lymph-node metastasis in gastric cancer.
Keywords: Cadherin-17; Gastric cancer; Lymph-node metastasis; Radiolabeled antibody; SPECT.