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, 25, 7660-7665

Risk Factors for Mortality Due to Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in a Chinese Hospital: A Retrospective Study


Risk Factors for Mortality Due to Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in a Chinese Hospital: A Retrospective Study

Ding-Yun Feng et al. Med Sci Monit.


BACKGROUND As a common nosocomial infection, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) often has high mortality. This study aimed to assess the risk factor for mortality owing to VAP. MATERIAL AND METHODS This retrospective clinical audit study screened medical records between the period of January 2014 and December 2017. All patients under mechanical ventilation MV) for ≥72 hours were screened against previously reported diagnostic criteria for VAP. The medical records were obtained for cases of documented diagnosis of VAP. RESULTS In all, 145 patients (5.0%) diagnosed with VAP were included in the study; the morbidity of VAP was 19.5 episodes per 1000 days of MV. The 30-day mortality rate was 42.8%. Univariate logistic analysis showed that elevated neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), high blood urea nitrogen/albumin (BUN/ALB) ratio, Multidrug-resistant organism infection, and a higher sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score were risk factors for mortality caused by VAP. In the second multivariate analysis, elevated NLR levels (P=0.038), high BUN/ALB ratio (P=0.016), multidrug-resistant organism infections (P=0.036), and a higher SOFA score (P<0.001) were still associated with the 30-day mortality rate. CONCLUSIONS The 30-day mortality rate of VAP was high. Blood NLR and BUN/ALB levels can be used as risk factors to assess the 30-day VAP-related mortality to help clinicians improve the prognosis of VAP.


Figure 1
Figure 1
Analysis plan.
Figure 2
Figure 2
The proportin of VAP pathogens (%).
Figure 3
Figure 3
The incidence and mortality rate of annual VAP.

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