[Clinical simulation for quality improvement in the care of postpartum haemorrhage]

J Healthc Qual Res. Mar-Apr 2018;33(2):88-95. doi: 10.1016/j.jhqr.2018.01.002. Epub 2018 May 10.
[Article in Spanish]

Abstract

Objective: To analyse and redesign the care process for patients with severe post-partum haemorrhage using simulation and a human factors approach.

Methods: The project was developed between June 2016 and May 2017. The working group was created following the participatory leadership method and included professionals with knowledge and position to influence the organisation. The existing process and clinical protocols were reviewed. An in situ simulation was used to observe team performance in the hospital recovery room. Information was expanded through an open and structured interview with professionals selected for their experience in the subject matter. Task analysis was used to document the process, and a failure mode and effects analysis was made to assess system vulnerabilities. Results were mapped using a flow chart.

Results: The analysis identified six groups of people working on different tasks, their activities and sequence of action, the importance of naming an explicit coordinator, the way in which information is disseminated and transformed, and the stages where it is necessary to share information and make key clinical decisions. The existing clinical protocols and the aids established in order to use the available resources were integrated, including blood draws and haemostatic agents, as well as an administration guide.

Conclusions: The analysis of the patient care process in post-partum haemorrhage using in situ simulation with a human factors perspective, including an analysis of the interaction between professionals and the system where they work, established a detailed and personalised map of the components that determine how work flows through the organisation.

Keywords: Algorithms; Algoritmos; Efficiency; Eficiencia; Ergonomics; Ergonomía; Evaluación de procesos y resultados; Hemorragia posparto; Organisational; Organizacional; Outcome and process assessment; Post-partum haemorrhage.

Publication types

  • English Abstract