A Single Surgeon Series Comparing the Outcomes of a Cruciate Retaining and Medially Stabilized Total Knee Arthroplasty Using Kinematic Alignment Principles

J Arthroplasty. 2020 Feb;35(2):422-428. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2019.09.021. Epub 2019 Sep 18.

Abstract

Background: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) designs are developed to optimize kinematics and improve patient satisfaction. The cruciate retaining (CR) and medially stabilized (MS) TKA designs have reported good mid-term follow-up outcomes. However, reasons for consistently high rates of patient dissatisfaction following a TKA remain poorly understood. To further investigate this, we compared the short-term functional outcomes and quality of life, using patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and range of motion (ROM), between a CR and MS TKA.

Methods: A prospective comparison was made between 2 groups (44 CR-TKAs vs 46 MS-TKAs). The Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), KOOS-12, KOOS-Short form, KOOS-Joint Replacement, Oxford Knee Score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, UCLA Activity Scale, and EuroQuality of life - 5 Dimension were completed preoperatively and 1 year postoperatively. The Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) and Visual Analogue Scale-Satisfaction were completed at 1 year postoperatively. ROM was collected preoperatively and 1 year postoperatively.

Results: Patients who underwent an MS-TKA scored significantly better than the CR-TKA on the FJS (MS = 79.87, CR = 63.8, P = .005), the KOOS-12 Quality of Life subscale (MS = 82.8, CR = 74.4, P = .43), and the KOOS Quality of Life subscale (MS = 82.8, CR = 74.6, P = .44). There was no difference between the groups in all assessed PROMs or ROM, preoperatively and 1 year postoperatively.

Conclusion: Patients who underwent the MS-TKA scored significantly better on the FJS and the quality of life subscale of the KOOS and KOOS-12 than those who underwent a CR-TKA. All other assessed PROMs and ROM were comparable between the 2 groups and demonstrated that both implants facilitated symptom relief and improved daily function at 1 year postoperatively. These findings suggest that at short-term follow-up, the MS device is more likely to allow a patient to "forget" that a joint has been replaced and restore their quality of life. Long-term assessment of MS-TKA design outcomes in larger cohorts is recommended.

Keywords: Forgotten Joint; cruciate retaining; medially stabilized; patient-reported outcomes; range of motion; total knee replacement.

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee*
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Humans
  • Knee Joint / surgery
  • Knee Prosthesis*
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee* / surgery
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Surgeons*