Hyperhidrosis is a disorder that is characterized by the production of excess amounts of sweat. The botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT/A) has been used to treat hyperhidrosis through multiple intradermal injections at the site of the condition. However, because of BoNT/A toxicity, it is important to precisely deliver the proper dose of the toxin to the target site. In addition, the use of a conventional hypodermic needle for multiple injections in the palm makes the approach undesirable and painful. Here, we designed a BoNT/A-coated microneedle (BoNT-MN) array and tested its efficacy as a substitute pain-free method to treat hyperhidrosis. BoNT-MNs were prepared by coating polylactic acid microneedles with a BoNT/A formulation and were found to successfully penetrate into a thick skin in vitro. The coating formulations were then tested for their stability at 4, 25, and 37 °C for 24 h. BoNT-MNs were found to be much more stable than BoNT/A in a liquid state. Additionally, we carried out in vivo experiments by treating the right paws of mice with BoNT-MNs and found that the treatment induced a significant reduction in the sweating response in the mouse foot pad. Thus, BoNT/A treatment using microneedles is beneficial and may be used as a more efficient and less painful approach to treat hyperhidrosis.
Keywords: botulinum toxin A; hyperhidrosis; microneedles.