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, 109 (12), 1747-1753

Right-to-Carry Laws and Firearm Workplace Homicides: A Longitudinal Analysis (1992-2017)

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Right-to-Carry Laws and Firearm Workplace Homicides: A Longitudinal Analysis (1992-2017)

Mitchell L Doucette et al. Am J Public Health.

Abstract

Objectives. To examine the impact of right-to-carry (RTC) firearm laws on firearm workplace homicides (WPHs) in the United States from 1992 to 2017.Methods. We employed 2 longitudinal methods to examine the average effect (pooled, cross-sectional, time-series analysis) and the state-specific effect (random effects meta-analysis) of RTC laws on WPHs committed by firearms from 1992 to 2017 in a 50-state panel. Both methods utilized a generalized linear mixed model with a negative binomial distribution.Results. From 1992 to 2017, the average effect of having an RTC law was significantly associated with 29% higher rates of firearm WPHs (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.14, 1.45). No other state-level policies were associated with firearm WPHs. Sensitivity analyses suggest robust findings. State-specific estimates suggest that passing an RTC law during our study period was significantly associated with 24% increase in firearm WPH rates (95% CI = 1.09, 1.40).Conclusions. This is the first study to our knowledge to examine the link between RTC firearm laws and firearm WPHs. Findings indicate that RTC laws likely pose a threat to worker safety and contribute to the recent body of literature that finds RTC laws are associated with increased incidence of violence.

Figures

FIGURE 1—
FIGURE 1—
Firearm Workplace Homicide (a) Total Counts and (b) Average Rates: United States, 1992–2017
FIGURE 2—
FIGURE 2—
Impact of a Passing a Right-to-Carry Law on Firearm Workplace Homicides: United States, 1992–2017 Note. CI = confidence interval; IRR = incidence rate ratio. Weights are from random effects analyses. Wyoming was not included because of no pre–post law implementation data.

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