Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factors associated with asymptomatic splenic artery aneurysm (SAA) dilatation.
Methods: Among patients with SAA admitted to our department from 2001 to 2018, 70 lesions in 59 patients were selected and analyzed retrospectively. There were no cases of rupture or pregnancy in the follow-up period. We defined egg-shell appearance as SAA with >75% calcification of the outer shell. We measured the dilatation rate (mm/year) and evaluated the comorbidity and anatomical factors using univariate and multiple linear regression models. Post-hoc multiple linear regression models were fitted to evaluate the possible interactions.
Results: The mean age was 61.4 years (range 35-85 years), and the initial aneurysm diameter was 15.1 mm (range 3-47 mm). The mean dilatation rate was 0.26 mm/year (range 0-3.2 mm/year) during the follow-up period (average 4.6 years). Univariate analysis revealed that, portal hypertension (PHT) (P = 0.0003), egg-shell appearance (P = 0.007), and aneurysm diameter > 20 mm (P = 0.05) were significantly associated with the dilatation rate. Multivariate analysis revealed that egg-shell appearance was found to be an independent inverse risk factor of dilatation rate (P = 0.006). The multivariate analysis, including interaction terms, revealed a stronger effect of PHT and diameter >20 mm in cases with no egg-shell appearance (P = 0.08 and P = 0.05 for interactions, respectively).
Conclusions: The egg-shell appearance of SAA was an independent inverse risk factor affecting the SAA dilatation rate. The dilatation rates in the case of PHT and diameter >20 mm were restricted in the presence of the egg-shell appearance.
Copyright © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.