Doxorubicin-DNA association has been studied by quantitative microspectrofluorometry. Fluorescence emission spectra from a microvolume of single living cell nuclei treated with doxorubicin have been analyzed in terms of difference in spectral shape and fluorescence yield between free and DNA-bound drug. Contribution of each spectral component to the total signal was calculated by least-squares linear regression. With this method of analysis, total drug concentration has been determined with an error of less than 10%. Moreover, the uptake into the nucleus has been studied in a non destructive way, avoiding use of 14C-labelled drug. Kinetic studies of drug accumulation into the nuclei were conducted on sensitive and resistant cells.