Since our initial reports on chromosomal studies in eight Ewing's sarcomas (ES), we have carried out similar investigations on 23 additional ES specimens following short-term culture of tumor cells (16 cases), and established in vitro cell lines (three cases) and on xenografted tumors in nude mice (four cases). We demonstrated the presence of the reciprocal t(11;22)(q24;q12) in every case except one that exhibited a complex t(11;22;14)(q24;q12;q11). On the basis of results from these additional 23 cases, we confirm the consistency of the t(11;22)(q24;q12) in ES. Moreover, we reviewed 54 ES cases reported by other investigators; when added to our 31 cases, this brings the total number to 85 unrelated cases of ES available for an evaluation of the frequency of involvement of bands 11q24 and 22q12 in translocations in ES. The standard t(11;22)(q24;q12) proved to be a remarkably consistent event, present in 83% of the cases. Five percent of the cases exhibited complex translocations involving a third chromosome in addition to chromosomes #11 and #22. In 4% of the cases variant translocations involved 22q12 but with a chromosome(s) other than #11. The breakpoint on chromosome 22q12 appears to be the most consistently observed event in 92% of the cases, whereas, the breakpoint at chromosome 11q24 was observed in 88% of the cases.