Background and purpose: Endovascular therapy (EVT) is strongly recommended for acute cerebral large vessel occlusion with the Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) ≥6 due to occlusion of the internal carotid artery or M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery. However, the effect of EVT for patients who have ischemic core with ASPECTS ≤5 (0–5) was not established. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the outcomes of EVT for patients with large ischemic core.
Methods: Based on the data of The Recovery by Endovascular Salvage for Cerebral Ultra-Acute Embolism Japan Registry 2, patients with internal carotid artery or M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery occlusion and pretreatment ASPECTS 0 to 5 on noncontrast CT or diffusion-weighted image were extracted, and the outcomes by EVT were analyzed. Primary end point was defined as a good functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale score of ≤2) after 90 days.
Result: Among 2420 registered patients, 504 patients were with internal carotid artery or M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery occlusion and ASPECTS 0 to 5. Among these 504 patients, 172 (34.1 %) were treated with EVT (EVT group) and 332 (65.9 %) without (no-EVT group). In the no-EVT group, elderly patients, females, poor prestroke modified Rankin Scale, high National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, low ASPECTS, and late admission were significantly more observed. Good functional outcomes were significantly more observed in the EVT group than in the no-EVT group (19.8 % versus 4.2 %; P<0.0001; adjusted odds ratio, 2.33; 95% CI, 1.10–4.94). The incidences of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage within 72 hours did not significantly different between the EVT group and the no-EVT group (3.7 % versus 4.9%; P=0.55; adjusted odds ratio, 0.50; 95% CI, 0.14–1.73).
Conclusions: Although outcomes in this group of patients were usually poor, the data suggested EVT may increase the likelihood of a good functional outcome.
Keywords: cerebral infarction; registry; reperfusion; stroke; thrombectomy.
© 2019 American Heart Association, Inc.