Type-II Ising Superconductivity in Two-Dimensional Materials with Spin-Orbit Coupling

Phys Rev Lett. 2019 Sep 20;123(12):126402. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.126402.


Centrosymmetric materials with spin-degenerate bands are generally considered to be trivial for spintronics and related physics. In two-dimensional (2D) materials with multiple degenerate orbitals, we find that the spin-orbit coupling can induce spin-orbital locking, generate out-of-plane Zeeman-like fields displaying opposite signs for opposing orbitals, and create novel electronic states insensitive to the in-plane magnetic field, which thus enables a new type of Ising superconductivity applicable to centrosymmetric materials. Many candidate materials are identified by high-throughput first-principles calculations. Our work enriches the physics and materials of Ising superconductivity, opening new opportunities for future research of 2D materials.