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, 58 (4), 187-193
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Concentrations of Selected Metals (NA, K, CA, MG, FE, CU, ZN, AL, NI, PB, CD) in Coffee

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Concentrations of Selected Metals (NA, K, CA, MG, FE, CU, ZN, AL, NI, PB, CD) in Coffee

Grażyna Adler et al. Zdr Varst.

Abstract

Introduction: The health benefits and detrimental effects of coffee consumption may be linked to chemical compounds contained in coffee beans. The aim of our study was to evaluate the concentration of sodium (Na), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), aluminum (Al), nickel (Ni), lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) in green and roasted samples of coffee beans purchased in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and to determine the potential health implications at current consumption level.

Methods: The concentrations were determined using a microwave high-pressure mineralization and atomic absorption spectrometer that measures total metal (ionic and non-ionic) content.

Results: The average metal concentrations (μg element/g coffee) in the green coffee beans were; Na: 18.6, K: 19898, Ca: 789, Mg: 1758, Fe: 60, Cu: 14, Zn: 3.6, Al: 4.2, Ni: 0.415, Pb: 0.076, and Cd: 0.015, while, in the roasted; Na: 23, K: 23817, Ca: 869, Mg: 1992, Fe: 41.1, Cu: 11.4, Zn: 5.41, Al: 4.19, Ni: 0.88, Pb: 0.0169, and Cd: 0.0140.

Conclusion: The level of investigated metals at the present level of consumption of coffee in Bosnia falls within the limits recommended as safe for health.

Keywords: coffee infusion; green coffee; metal concentrations; roasted coffee.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflicts of interest The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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