Patient-derived orthotopic xenograft models of sarcoma

Cancer Lett. 2020 Jan 28;469:332-339. doi: 10.1016/j.canlet.2019.10.028. Epub 2019 Oct 19.


Sarcoma is a rare and recalcitrant malignancy. Although immune and novel targeted therapies have been tested on many cancer types, few sarcoma patients have had durable responses with such therapy. Doxorubicin and cisplatinum are still first-line chemotherapy after four decades. Our laboratory has established the patient-derived orthotopic xenograft (PDOX) model using surgical orthotopic implantation (SOI). Many promising results have been obtained using the sarcoma PDOX model for identifying effective approved drugs and experimental therapeutics, as well as combinations of them for individual patients. In this review, we present our laboratory's experience with PDOX models of sarcoma, and the ability of the PDOX models to identify effective approved agents, as well as experimental therapeutics.

Keywords: Individualized therapy; PDOX; Patient-derived sarcoma; Precision medicine.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Doxorubicin / therapeutic use*
  • Drug Resistance, Neoplasm*
  • Heterografts
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Patients
  • Sarcoma / drug therapy*
  • Sarcoma / genetics
  • Sarcoma / pathology


  • Doxorubicin