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Review
, 37 (8), 107454

Production of Conjugated Fatty Acids: A Review of Recent Advances

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Review

Production of Conjugated Fatty Acids: A Review of Recent Advances

Mengyue Gong et al. Biotechnol Adv.

Abstract

Conjugated fatty acids (CFAs) have received a deal of attention due to the increasing understanding of their beneficial physiological effects, especially the anti-cancer effects and metabolism-regulation activities. However, the production of CFAs is generally difficult. Several challenges are the low CFAs content in natural sources, the difficulty to chemically synthesize target CFA isomers in high purity, and the sensitive characteristics of CFAs. In this article, the current technologies to produce CFAs, including physical, chemical, and biotechnical approaches were summarized, with a focus on the conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) and conjugated linolenic acids (CLNAs) which are the most common investigated CFAs. CFAs usually demonstrate stronger physiological effects than other non-conjugated fatty acids; however, they are more sensitive to heat and oxidation. Consequently, the quality control throughout the entire production process of CFAs is significant. Special attention was given to the micro- or nano-encapsulation which presented as an emerging technique to improve the bioavailability and storage stability of CFAs. The current applications of CFAs and the potential research directions were also discussed.

Keywords: Bbiosynthesis; Conjugated fatty acid; Conjugated linoleic acid; Conjugated linolenic acid; Encapsulation; Extraction; Microbial; Punicic acid.

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