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, 29 (4), 609-616
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Patterns of Health Care Utilization Before First Episode Psychosis in Racial and Ethnic Groups

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Patterns of Health Care Utilization Before First Episode Psychosis in Racial and Ethnic Groups

Karen J Coleman et al. Ethn Dis.

Abstract

Objective: To compare patterns of health care utilization associated with first presentation of psychosis among different racial and ethnic groups of patients.

Design: The study was a retrospective observational design.

Setting: The study was conducted in five health care systems in the western United States. All sites were also part of the National Institute of Mental Health-funded Mental Health Research Network (MHRN).

Participants: Patients (n = 852) were aged 15 - 59 years (average 26.9 ± 12.2 years), 45% women, and primarily non-Hispanic White (53%), with 16% Hispanic, 10% non-Hispanic Black, 6% Asian, 1% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, 1% Native American/ Alaskan Native, and 12% unknown race/ethnicity.

Main outcome measures: Variables examined were patterns of health care utilization, type of comorbid mental health condition, and type of treatment received in the three years before first presentation of psychosis.

Methods: Data abstracted from electronic medical records and insurance claims data were organized into a research virtual data warehouse (VDW) and used for analysis.

Results: Compared with non-Hispanic Whites, Asian patients (16% vs 34%; P=.007) and non-Hispanic Black patients (20% vs 34%; P=.009) were less likely to have a visit with specialty mental health care before their first presentation of psychosis.

Conclusions: Early detection of first episode psychosis should start with wider screening for symptoms outside of any indicators for mental health conditions for non-Hispanic Black and Asian patients.

Keywords: First Episode Psychosis; Mental Health Research Network; Virtual Data Warehouse.

Conflict of interest statement

Competing Interests: None declared.

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