RAGE Is a Potential Cause of Onset and Progression of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Int J Endocrinol. 2019 Sep 18;2019:2151302. doi: 10.1155/2019/2151302. eCollection 2019.

Abstract

Objective: Fatty liver is a rising global health concern, significantly increasing the burden of health care cost. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has a correlation with metabolic syndrome and its complications.

Method: We reviewed the literature regarding the mechanisms of developing NAFLD through AGE-RAGE signaling.

Results: NAFLD, metabolic syndrome, and production of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) share many common risk factors and appear to be connected. AGE induces production of the receptor for AGE (RAGE). AGE-RAGE interaction contributes to fat accumulation in the liver leading to inflammation, fibrosis, insulin resistance, and other complications of the fatty liver disease. The immune system, especially macrophages, has an important defense mechanism against RAGE pathway activities.

Conclusion: Soluble form of RAGE (sRAGE) has the capability to reduce inflammation by blocking the interaction of AGE with RAGE. However, sRAGE has some limitations, and the best method of usage is probably autotransplantation of transfected stem cells or monocytes, as a precursor of macrophages and Kupffer cells, with a virus that carries sRAGE to alleviate the harmful effects of AGE-RAGE signaling in the settings of fatty liver disease.

Publication types

  • Review